Mitocore is a scientifically formulated blend of nutrients
specifically designed to boost cellular and mitochondrial
energy production, maximize antioxidant capacity, support
detoxification, and strengthen immune response. Based on
peer-reviewed, double-blind research, Mitocore provides
a unique blend of acetyl L-carnitine, alpha lipoic acid and
N-acetyl cysteine. All have shown to produce a dramatic
increase in immune function and energy output. Mitocore
also includes key micronutrients and phytonutrients,
including green tea, broccoli seed extract and resveratrol,
to protect the mitochondria and continually renew the cycle
of energy production.
The body’s cells and organ systems depend on an adequate
supply of energy to function optimally. The mitochondria,
known as the power house of the cell, contain nutrients and
enzymes that are important for cellular energy metabolism.
Some of these enzymes convert food to usable energy in the
form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). ATP functions as the key
source of energy for all cells. In order to increase mitochondrial
output, there must be adequate fuel supply for combustion and
abundant antioxidants to scavenge free radical by-products.
Preserving our energy reserves and increasing energy output
is a critical part of maintaining optimal health.
There are many things that can drain our energy reserves.
Lack of sleep, too much stress, poor nutrition and prescription
medications can draw on our energy reserves, using them up
faster than they can be replenished. Even the vital biologic
systems we rely on to maintain health can create an energy
deficit that needs to be restored.
Some of the most energy demanding systems in the body are:
- Liver detoxification
- Immune protection
- Cardiovascular function
- Neurologic function
Mitocore is scientifically formulated, based on published
research, to boost mitochondrial reserves and jumpstart
cellular energy production.  Mitocore includes the powerful
antioxidant trio of alpha lipoic acid, N-acetyl cysteine and
acetyl L- carnitine, all shown to increase energy production
and recharge the primary cellular antioxidant pools of vitamins
E and C and glutathione.
Acetyl L-carnitine (ALC) is an amino acid that is associated with
increased energy production. It has been shown to increase
the flow of free fatty acids, the fuel source for mitochondria,
resulting in a significant boost in energy production. As we
age, free radical production increases oxidative damage to
the mitochondria, which can potentially decrease energy
production. ALC has been shown to increase cellular energy
(ATP) production and has been found, in combination with
lipoic acid, to lower oxidative stress. [2,3] Studies have also shown
that ALC supports the immune response by protecting CD4
and CD8 immune cells and by supporting the reproduction of
lymphocytes for the identification and elimination of
invading antigens. [4,5]
N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) is an antioxidant that scavenges free
radicals and promotes liver detoxification.  NAC has been
shown to increase production of glutathione, an important
antioxidant found in the body.  In addition to its antioxidant
activity, glutathione boosts the immune system by activating
T-cells, helping to maintain immune balance. 
Alpha Lipoic Acid†
Alpha lipoic acid (ALA) is a potent antioxidant and also plays
a synergistic role in recharging other antioxidants such as
vitamin C, vitamin E, CoQ10 and glutathione. Lipoic acid also
plays a key role in detoxification.  Studies have shown that a
combination of ALA and ALC helps minimize oxidative
damage. [9,10] Oxidative stress causes damage to DNA, RNA,
proteins, mitochondrial membranes and lipids, and contributes
to the functional decline of mitochondria, cells, tissues and
eventually organs such as the brain. [9,10]
Resveratrol is a polyphenol molecule found in many plant
species, including grapes and cranberries, and is found in high
concentrations in wine. Polyphenols act as antioxidants that
protect plants from damage that can be caused by bacteria,
fungi and radiation.  Resveratrol is believed to be the dietary
factor behind the “French Paradox,” which is the high rate of
cardiovascular wellness in the French population, despite
their high fat intake. In addition to its antioxidant properties
and support for cardiovascular function, resveratrol has been
shown to support optimal immune function. 
Broccoli Seed Extract†
Broccoli seed extract contains a high amount of glucoraphanin,
a compound that is a precursor to sulphoraphane.
Sulphoraphane is a potent antioxidant in the body and also
supports detoxification and immune response. Sulphoraphane
has been shown to induce Phase II detoxification enzymes and
raise intracellular glutathione levels. 
Green Tea (EGCG)†
Green tea polyphenols have demonstrated significant
antioxidant- probiotic- and immune- supporting properties.
The hydroxyl group of green tea polyphenols supports
antioxidant activity by forming complexes with free radicals
and neutralizing them, minimizing oxidative damage
throughout the body. Green tea polyphenols also stimulate
the activity of liver detoxification enzymes, promoting the
detoxification of harmful chemicals out of the body. 
The Micronutrient “Backbone” †
To increase cellular energy production efficiently, optimal
levels of critical nutrients and enzyme cofactors must be
achieved. Mitocore is an energy-providing multivitamin with
an optimized backbone of vitamins and minerals necessary for
increasing energy output and meeting daily nutritional needs.
1. Kaiser JD, Campa AM, Ondercin JP, Leoung GS, Pless RF,
Baum MK. Micronutrient supplementation increases CD4
count in HIV-infected individuals on highly active
antiretroviral therapy: a prospective, double-blind,
placebo-controlled trial. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2006;
2. Shigenaga M K, Hagen T M,et al. Oxidative damage and
mitochondrial decay in aging. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.
3. Hagen, TM, Liu J, et al. Feeding acetyl-L-carnitine and
lipoic acid to old rats significantly improves metabolic
function while decreasing oxidative stress. Proc Natl Acad
Sci U S A. 2002; 99(4):1870-1875.
4. Di Marzio L, Moretti S, et al. Acetyl-L-carnitine
administration increases insulin-like growth factor 1 levels
in asymptomatic HIV-1-infected subjects: correlation with
its suppressive effect on lymphocyte apoptosis and
ceramide generation. Clin Immunol 1999; 92(1):103-110.
5. Deufel, T. Determination of L-carnitine in biological fluids
and tissues. J Clin Chem Clin Biochem 1990; 28(5):307-311.
6. N-Acetylcysteine. Altern Med Rev 2000; 5(5):467-471.
7. Patrick, L. Nutrients and HIV: part three - N-acetylcysteine,
alpha-lipoic acid, L-glutamine, and L-carnitine. Altern Med
Rev 2000; 5(4):290-305.
8. Alpha-lipoic acid. Monograph. Altern Med Rev
9. Ames, B. N. Optimal micronutrients delay mitochondrial
decay and age-associated diseases. Mech Ageing Dev 2010;
10. Ames, B. N. and Liu, J. Delaying the mitochondrial decay
of aging with acetylcarnitine. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2004;
11. Resveratrol: Monograph. Altern Med Review
12. Fahey JW, Talalay P. Antioxidant functions of
sulphoraphane: a potent inducer of phase II detoxification
enzymes. Food Chem Tox 1999:37:973-979.
13. Green Tea. Altern Med Review 2000; 5(4):372-5.